Anatoly Levenchuk (ailev) wrote,
Anatoly Levenchuk
ailev

Пиратство как преступление с жертвой: против аргумента BSA

Экономистам читать: http://vitanuova.loyalty.org/weblog/nb.cgi/view/vitanuova/2005/01/28/0
BSA в своих законотворческих порывах на 2005 год сказануло:
Some have attempted to paint copyright piracy as a victimless crime, arguing that "if I make a copy of a computer program, you still get to keep your copy, and we are both better off." This is hardly the case.
Reducing piracy offers direct benefits. The equation is a basic one: the lower the piracy rate, the larger the IT sector and the greater the benefits.
В ответ на это приводится ряд забавных параллелей:
Some have attempted to paint printing as a victimless crime, arguing that "if I print a book, you can buy it from me, and we are both better off." This is hardly the case.
Reducing printing offers direct benefits. The equation is a basic one: the lower the printing rate, the larger the scribes and bards sector, and the greater the benefits.

Some have attempted to paint conjugal sexual intimacy as a victimless crime, arguing that "if you and I have intimate relations, we both derive pleasure and a sense of togetherness, and we are both better off." This is hardly the case.
Reducing sex among committed partners offers direct benefits. The equation is a basic one: the lower the intimacy rate among committed partners, the larger the prostitution sector, and the greater the benefits.
Это только первая парочка примеров, дальше там еще много забавного.

Направление копирайтной дискуссии с подобными метафорическими сравнениями становится распространенным. Вот, например (http://www.thefeature.com/article?articleid=101373):
TheFeature: But the ability for people to easily make and distribute copies of music and movies is new. Entertainment content providers want to protect themselves with DRM.

Doctorow: Well, locomotives didn't require horseshoes. You know, the blacksmiths might not have liked the fact that locomotives didn't require horseshoes. But if you started a business to outfit locomotives with special horseshoes in order to keep the blacksmiths happy, you probably wouldn't have lasted very long. Likewise, if you're starting a business to outfit phones with special locks that make it hard to copy things in order to make the music industry happy, then you're probably not long for this world.
IMHO это все можно смело применять и не к пиратству: ход рассуждений BSA (скажем, производство винчестеров опасно для музыкальных студий -- давайте заставим винчестерщиков платить производителям сидишек) типичен для многих отраслей. Скажем, совершенно аналогичные рассуждения применялись нами, когда Минсвязи хотело заставить интернет-провайдеров платить телефонщикам дополнительные деньги, чтобы компенсировать убыток в их бизнесах. Мы как раз приводили пример первых автомобилистов, которые явно уводили бизнес от гужевого транспорта -- и почему бы с них не брать денег на поддержание разваливаемой ими смежной индустрии?
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