Anatoly Levenchuk (ailev) wrote,
Anatoly Levenchuk

"Несправедливость" ITeS (IT enabled services)

Спасибо alex_k за ссылку --

Интересно не то, что в Индии сейчас примерно в 7 раз дешевле оплата программистского труда, и рабочие места из США туда утекают со страшной силой -- особенно, ежели учесть, что индийцы уже активно начинают ловить американцев не столько на цену, сколько на качество своего кодирования (т.е. конкуренция тем самым потихоньку перемещается из конкуренции между программерами в США в конкуренцию между программерами Индии!). Интересно то, что происходит при этом в США. А в США, конечно, растет протекционизм -- и изменения в массовости профессии в этот раз происходят буквально в течении одной карьеры. Это относительно новая ситуация в истории, и психологически это воспринимается тяжелее, нежели при индустриальной и постиндустриальной революциях:
A century ago, 40 percent of Americans worked on farms. Today, the farm sector employs about 3 percent of our workforce. But our agriculture economy still outproduces all but two countries. Fifty years ago, most of the US labor force worked in factories. Today, only about 14 percent is in manufacturing. But we've still got the largest manufacturing economy in the world - worth about $1.9 trillion in 2002. We've seen this movie before - and it's always had a happy ending. The only difference this time is that the protagonists are forging pixels instead of steel. And accountants, financial analysts, and other number crunchers, prepare for your close-up. Your jobs are next. After all, to export sneakers or sweatshirts, companies need an intercontinental supply chain. To export software or spreadsheets, somebody just needs to hit Return.

What makes this latest upheaval so disorienting for Americans is its speed. Agriculture jobs provided decent livelihoods for at least 80 years before the rules changed and working in the factory became the norm. Those industrial jobs endured for some 40 years before the twin pressures of cheap competition overseas and labor-saving automation at home rewrote the rules again. IT jobs - the kind of high-skill knowledge work that was supposed to be our future - are facing the same sort of realignment after only 20 years or so. The upheaval is occurring not across generations, but within individual careers. The rules are being rewritten while people are still playing the game. And that seems unjust

А дальше так:
John Bauman is 61 years old. More than a year ago, Northeast Utilities fired Bauman and 200 other IT consultants. From his home in Meriden, Connecticut, he created the Organization for the Rights of American Workers. The mission: to protest H1-B and L-1 visas. He feels that if he can slow things down, he stands a chance. When I speak to him by phone one afternoon, I offer the standard defense of globalization and free trade - that they disrupt in the short term but enrich over time. But it's hard to make this argument with much gusto to a man who, faced with his unemployment benefits running out, had to take a temporary job delivering boxes for FedEx. The invisible hand is giving him the finger. A compassionate society must somehow help its John Baumans.

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